The functions in this section test one or more arguments to produce either a true or false outcome, and execute specific actions depending upon that result.
The expression language does not directly support AND, OR, and XOR operations. However, these can be easily emulated using any of several techniques. See: Boolean Operations.
The NOT operator ! (exclamation point) may be used in a conditional to invert the sense of the conditional test. Inverting the sense of a test can make reading expressions easier, or support better IfElse() sequences.
- Conditional if-else evaluator.
|Description|| If(test expression, true expression, false expression)
The If() function is used to evaluate a test expression, and will output the result of the true expression or false expression, depending upon the evaluation result. The test expression is expected to return a 0 (false value) or a non-zero (true value). Nesting is allowed. If the test expression is preceded by the NOT operator (!, an exclamation point), the sense of the test is inverted. Non-zero values are inverted to 0, and 0 is inverted to 1.
|Examples|| if(isequal([artist], bob dylan, 1), Genius, Mediocre)
if(isequal([artist], bob dylan, 1), Genius, if(isequal([album], Joshua Tree, 8), Great Album, Mediocre))
if(!isempty([comment]), regex([comment], /#^(\\S+\\s+\\S+\\s+\\S+)#/, 1), *No Comment)
- Conditional if-elseif evaluator.
|Description|| IfElse(test1, action1, test2, action2, test3, action3, …)
The IfElse() conditional provides a convenient mechanism for shortening and more clearly expressing nested conditionals into an alternating sequence of tests and actions. One or more test/action pairs may be specified.
For example, consider a nested sequence of If() tests such as the following pseudo-code:
into the more elegant:
If any of the test expressions test1, etc. are preceded by the NOT operator (!, an exclamation point), the sense of that test is inverted. Non-zero values are inverted to 0, and 0 is inverted to 1.
|Examples|| ifelse(isequal([media type], Audio), Le Tunes, isequal([media type], Video), Flix)
ifelse(isequal([artist], Bob Dylan), Genius, isequal([album], Joshua Tree, 8), Great Album, 1, Mediocre)
- Returns the first non-empty argument.
|Description|| FirstNotEmpty(value1, value2, …)
The FirstNotEmpty() function acts as a conditional by returning the first argument from value1, value2, ... that is not empty. Two or more arguments may be used, and the first non-empty argument is returned. With two arguments, is is functionally equivalent to the sequence such as if(!isempty(value1), value1, value2). With more than two arguments, FirstNotEmpty() avoids long nested If() sequences that simply test for emptiness.
|Examples|| firstnotempty([media sub type], Misc Video)
firstnotempty([series], [name], Tag your Videos!)
- Functions as a switch or select case statement.
|Description|| IfCase(primary, mode, secondary1, action1, secondary2, action2, secondary3, action3..... etc …)
The IfCase() function performs an IsEqual() operation against one primary operand and several secondary operands, with an action for each secondary operand. IfCase() honors the same modes as IsEqual. IfCase() acts on the first match, and if no match occurs returns null. This saves a lot of typing of nested Compare() or IsEqual() statements when matching things against a possible list of values, and makes for much more readable expressions. When constructing the tests, always test from longest/largest to shortest/smallest.
|Examples|| IfCase([bitrate], 2, 320, High, 256, Medium, 128, Standard, 64, Low)
IfCase(Length([Name]), 5, 50, Wow this is super long, 30, This is a very long track name, 20, This is not so long)
IfCase([Oscar Awarded to], 8, Matt, Matt wins on his first acting job, meryl, The Oscar went to Meryl again, carrey, Unbelievable result)