Boolean Operations

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Revision as of 20:51, 23 November 2011 by MrC (talk | contribs) (Rewrite with new constructs; simplified and clarified.)

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Emulating AND, OR and XOR

The Media Center Expression Language currently does not have AND, OR and XOR connectives. These can be emulated using either the Math() expression or by using nested If() statements.

In the general forms shown below, test1 and test2 are Boolean expressions such as IsEmpty(...), IsEqual(...) or Regex(...). The TRUE and FALSE Booleans indicate the outcome of the connective test.

OR

The OR connective can be emulated using any of the constructs below:

  if(math(test1 | test2), TRUE, FALSE)

  if(math(test1 + test2), TRUE, FALSE)

  if(test1, TRUE,
     if(test2, TRUE, FALSE))

Examples

if(math(isequal([artist], Nat King Cole) | isequal([artist], John Lee Hooker)), Legend, Other)
if(isequal([artist], Nat King Cole), Legend,
     if(isequal([artist], John Lee Hooker), Legend, Other))

If the artist is either Nat King Cole or John Lee Hooker, output Legend, otherwise output Other.

AND

The AND connective can be emulated using any of the constructs below:

  if(math(test1 & test2), TRUE, FALSE)

  if(math(test1 * test2), TRUE, FALSE)

  if(test1,
     if(test2, TRUE, FALSE),
     FALSE)

Examples

if(math(isequal([artist], Elton John) & below([Year], 1976)), In Prime, Washed Up)
if(isequal([artist], Elton John),
  if(compare([year], <, 1976), In Prime, Washed Up),
  Unknown)

If the artist is Elton John and the year is prior to 1976, output In Prime, otherwise output Washed Up. If the artist is not Elton John, output Unknown.

XOR

The XOR connective can be emulated using any of the constructs below:

  if(math(test1 - test2), TRUE, FALSE)

  if(test1,
     if(test2, FALSE, TRUE),
     if(test2, TRUE, FALSE))

Examples

 if(math(isequal([artists], Michael Jackson, 8) - isequal([artists], Paul McCartney, 8)), Play It, Skip It)
 if(regex([artists], /#\bMichael Jackson\b#/),
    if(regex([artists], /#\bPaul McCartney\b#/),  Skip It, Play It),
    if(regex([artists], /#\bPaul McCartney\b#/),  Play It, Skip It))

If either artist, but not both, is Michael Jackson or Paul McCartney, output Play It, otherwise output Skip It. The example assumes a custom list field named Artists which has a list of relevant artists.